March 25, 2023


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Le Corbusier: An Architect of Coloration and Controversy

Deux Femmes Fantasques (1937).

Born Charles-Édouard Jeanneret in 1887 in Switzerland, Le Corbusier spent his early years studying watch face engraving on the École des Arts Décoratifs at La Chaux-de-Fonds. There he picked up drawing and studied Artwork Nouveau fashion underneath Charles L’Eplatteneir, his solely trainer apart from himself. It was in 1907, on the urging of this early mentor, that Le Corbusier started his journey as an architect when he set out on a 4 yr journey throughout Europe and the Mediterranean. Throughout these years, he drew inspiration for his work from Greek ruins, sixteenth century Italian buildings, the Charterhouse of Ema at Galluzzo and buildings within the Balkan peninsula.

A portrait of Le Corbusier, in colour, by Willy Rizzo. (Supply)

He returned to La Chaux-de-Fonds in 1917 and taught with L’Eplatteneir whereas on the identical time opening his personal architectural observe. Le Corbusier’s building applied the trendy strategy of utilizing strengthened concrete as a structural body. It was on account of this uncommon methodology that Salavador Dali famously referred to as Le Corbusier’s buildings “the ugliest and most unacceptable buildings on the earth.”

Cité Frugès (Supply)

But, throughout 1925 and 1926, Le Corbusier accomplished a 70 unit housing growth for employees in Pessac, France. The event is an embodiment of Le Corbusier’s housing idea, Maison Citrohan, which was a product of his perception that structure needs to be purposeful and freed from pointless ornament, with cell-like bedrooms and open residing areas. Additionally in 1925, Le Corbusier held an exhibit on the Exposition des Arts Décoratifs for his first assortment of furnishings. The furnishings Le Corbusier created adopted the identical design rules as his structure and stays in manufacturing.

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Le Corbusier LC4 Chaise Longue
Le Corbusier LC4 Chaise Longue, 1928 (Supply)

Le Corbusier spent the Thirties revising his theories of urbanism, proposing a plan he referred to as the Radiant Metropolis which was organized by household measurement slightly than financial standing. Buildings could be constructed from metal, plate glass and strengthened concrete as a substitute of extra classical supplies and he dreamed of transforming Stockholm utilizing his Radiant Metropolis plan. His thought introduced controvesey, with opposers involved that his aesthetic would intrude with the great thing about the town. Regardless of criticism, he continued creating grasp plans for cities akin to Algiers and Buenos Aires, trying to leverage his ties with authorities officers as a way to perform his proposals. Alongside along with his plan for Stockholm, none of his different grasp plans have been ever accepted.

Le Corbusier handed away immediately in 1965 whereas swimming in Cap Martin, France.